Login FormClose

Free, fortnightly PIP, ESA and UC Updates

Our fortnightly bulletin, with over 80,000 subscribers, is the UK's leading source of benefits news. Find out what's changing, how it affects you and how to prepare. Our mailing list is securely managed by icontact in the US.

What is the work capability assessment (WCA)?

The work capability assessment is the medical assessment  used to decide whether you are eligible for employment and support allowance (ESA).  It consists of two separate tests.

The first test is to decide whether you are eligible for main phase ESA with a work-related activity component.  This is called the limited capability for work assessment.

If you fail this this test you will be found capable of work.  You will then have to either appeal or try to claim jobseeker’s allowance.

If you pass this first test you will then be subject to a second test, usually as part of the same medical, if you have one. 

This second test is called the limited capability for work-related activity assessment.  If you pass this test as well you will be placed in the support group.  If you fail it, you will still be in the work-related activity group as a result of passing the first test.

The WCA also includes a separate assessment called a work-focused health-related assessment.  But these were suspended for two years from  July 2010.

Will I have to have a medical as part of the work capability assessment (WCA)?

Not necessarily. 

Some people are placed in the work-related activity group or the support group without ever having a medical.  Much will depend on the detail with which you fill out the ESA50 limited capability for work questionnaire and the amount and quality of supporting evidence, particularly medical evidence, that you are able to provide at an early stage.

In addition, some people are exempt from the work capability assessment because, for example, they are terminally ill or because they are in the later stages of pregnancy.

Who carries out the work capability assessment (WCA)?

Work capability assessments are carried out by a ‘healthcare professional’ (HCP) working for a private company called Atos. The HCP may be a doctor, a nurse or even a midwife.  They use a computerised system called LiMA (Logic integrated Medical Assessment) to help them create an ESA85 medical report, largely by clicking on multiple choice options with a mouse.

But the final decision on whether you pass the WCA is taken by a decision maker who is not supposed to just rubber-stamp the HCP’s report.  Instead, they should take account of all the evidence available, of which the ESA85 is just one piece.

This is especially the case since the first report of Professor Harrington, the independent reviewer of the work capability assessment.