The DWP estimate that around 440,000 legacy benefit claimants will be forced to migrate to universal credit in 2024-2025. This number will not include claimants on income-related employment and support allowance (irESA) who are not due to be migrated until 2028, at the earliest.

The estimate was provided in a written parliamentary answer earlier this month DWP employment minister Jo Churchill.

The figures are:

  • ESA income based (and Child Tax Credits)  90,000
  • Income support  110,000
  • Tax Credit & Housing Benefit  120,000
  • Tax Credit only  10,000
  • Housing Benefit only  100,000
  • JSA income based  20,000

Claimants who receive employment and support allowance (ESA) with child tax credits will receive mandatory migration notices to move to universal credit between July and September 2024.

If you receive irESA only or irESA with housing benefit, you can expect to be asked to migrate to UC in 2028 or 2029.   If you receive  contribution-based ESA without any legacy benefits, you will not be affected by managed migration.

Benefits and Work has updated our ESA to UC migration materials.

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  • Thank you for your comment. Comments are moderated before being published.
    Bonniebuzz · 1 days ago
    Im confused! I. get iresa, & pip since 2013 due to disabilities and am. in my early 60’s. My esa runs for renewal in 2025 but with the benefit raise due April I got letter saying new rates will be blah blah &  will will run from april to november 2024..could this be cos they plan merging me to uc? cos thats the first time ive only had esa run for few months? asking as was led to believe that ireasa with housing benefit migrated around 2028?
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    Jlee · 4 days ago
    How do you know if you are on IR ESA?  is it on esa letters,,it confuses me.........
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    Rach · 6 days ago
    What about people on Income related ESA who get PIP & HB whose partners get Carers Allowance Housing Benefit or Income Support top up for being full time carer. Does this count as being Income Related and HB? 

    Does this count as migration or non migration?
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      Jill · 5 days ago
      @Rach Income support is a legacy benefit, unfortunately you will be migrated. 
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    That’s life · 7 days ago
    Me and my partner have just had to migrate over from tax credits my partner works I get pip they said I had to get a sick note as I’m not on sickness  benifit never claimed when I left work through ill health the doctor gave me a 13 week sick note but that caused a change in circumstances so we are entitled to nothing now so much for you won’t be any worse of  we £460 a month because I can’t get sickness benifit because my national insurance contribution ran out over 2 year ago so don’t believe when they say you will be no worse off 
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      Jill · 5 days ago
      @That’s life Can you not make a claim for lcwra? You will need a work capability assessment first. 
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    Chris' · 7 days ago
    Whatever DWP are up to with these changes it likely will be to their monetary benefit and claimants less better off. Also the aim globally is to get all claimants and unemployed onto a Universal Income because AI robots will take over majority of jobs. Hence humans are not of much value anymore. This is my view.
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    The Dog mother · 7 days ago
    They were told and warned not to introduce UC at the beginning..  that it would fall foul.. bet thats the words they needed to hear to press ahead.. So they could totally bamboozle us. I dread the day I'm forced onto it. It needs scrapped and fast. It's the absolute worst thing in a very long line of worst things they've drummed up. 
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    Jen · 8 days ago
    Can someone clarify my situation, and advise if I will be migrating anytime soon? I'm on CB esa and my partner gets working tax credit and has deferred his state pension. Any advice would be much appreciated. 
    • Thank you for your comment. Comments are moderated before being published.
      Jill · 5 days ago
      @Rach Yes youre on the list this year or next sorry x
    • Thank you for your comment. Comments are moderated before being published.
      Jill · 5 days ago
      @Chris' Income support, income based esa working tax credits housing benefit income based jsa. Cant remember the last one 
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      Jill · 5 days ago
      @Jen  Sorry not sure but cb esa claimants dont migrate tax credits will your partner will migrate. 
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      Rach · 6 days ago
      @Chris' Same. I get PIP and partner gets Income Support and Carers Allowance. It is unclear whether these are being migrated sooner...You just feel stressed all the time! 
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      Chris' · 7 days ago
      @Jen Article says people on Contribution Based ESA, without legacy benefits, will not be affected. I don't know though what 'legacy' benefits is. Would need to look that bit up.
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    Sharon · 8 days ago
    Hi on pip, wtc and wage whilst partner on jsc (came from invalidity onto incapacity then jsc) also on pip. When are we expected to go onto uc. Not on housing benefit and no kids.
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    Am · 8 days ago
    Make sure you wait to migrate till after the April uprating, if within the time limit. Otherwise you'll lose 6.7% of your TP in the first year
    • Thank you for your comment. Comments are moderated before being published.
      Mike · 8 days ago
      @Am Yeah it's a horrible situation with the transitional protection.  It gets eroded every year and there is no replacement for it.   Awful system. 
  • Thank you for your comment. Comments are moderated before being published.
    Jane · 8 days ago
    I am on working tax credits and ADP, when will I be expected to move to UC? I don't qualify for HB anymore 
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    Ian · 8 days ago
    Hi Both my wife and myself received pip also have just been told we need to migrate to UC from tax credits, my wife has MS and it looks like we will have to attend many visits to job centre etc to carry on with claim for this year as tax credits stop for us now, I really don’t know if we can face it, is it worth while filling out forms, does anyone know if being on pip is enough evidence for this or do they want to humiliate us with tests as well , is it worth it. 😞
    • Thank you for your comment. Comments are moderated before being published.
      Jill · 5 days ago
      @Ian Ian, if you care for your wife and claim carers allowance you wont have to claim lcwra or look for work 
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      Jill · 5 days ago
      @Ian Ian, if not already on lcwra you will both need a wca to claim it. Pip will not suffice as yet it will be a few years yet b4 that comes into force 
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    Phoebe · 9 days ago
    I don’t understand this bit “If you receive contribution-based ESA without any legacy benefits, you will not be affected by managed migration.”.

    I receive CB ESA, which *is* a legacy benefit… so I’m not sure what this means for me.

    Can anyone clarify? 
    • Thank you for your comment. Comments are moderated before being published.
      Jill · 5 days ago
      @Phoebe Contribution based ESA is not a legacy benefit you wont migrate. 
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      Rach · 6 days ago
      @Phoebe Very unclear but possibly referring to the bit about Child Tax Credits in that those in receipt of CTC are being migrated even if on IrESA
    • Thank you for your comment. Comments are moderated before being published.
      Rach · 6 days ago
      @Nigel Can't be many people in that position unless their partner works full time and they own their own home or have other income?
    • Thank you for your comment. Comments are moderated before being published.
      Rach · 6 days ago
      @Phoebe Same. Confusing. I thought I was starting to understand but now not sure.
    • Thank you for your comment. Comments are moderated before being published.
      Nigel · 8 days ago
      @Phoebe You don't  have  to worry  if you only get contribution ESA and no other legacy  benefits  you not  migrate .
  • Thank you for your comment. Comments are moderated before being published.
    Rachael · 9 days ago
    I am really confused. Isn't income based the same as income related?

    In one paragraph it states that income based will be moved. Then the next it says income related won't be. 
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    Daryl · 9 days ago
    I've been asked to migrate across from working tax credit to universal credit. It is not a good experience. My payments from tax credits have stopped (because I have applied to Universal Credit) and I have received no payments and won't receive any payments until DWP have brought me in for an interview with my "work coach" (I run my own business) to prove that I am self employed. Have you ever heard such crap. I wasn't going to them because I was unemployed, I was told to migrate by Tax Credits. What a shambles. They treat you like you are someone who should be ashamed to claim. I wouldn't mind but I was already assessed for Tax Credits and now they may me feel like I'm the lowest of low! Disgraceful. No wonder people who suffer with mental health issues decide to end it all!
  • Thank you for your comment. Comments are moderated before being published.
    ian.barnes1@btinternet.com · 9 days ago
    I receive ESA Contribution, Reduced Earnings allowance, Enhanced PIP both components and Housing Benefit will I be subject to this change 
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    Ian Barnes · 9 days ago
    I am ESA Contribution with Reduced Earnings Allowance and Housing Benefit, reach State Pension age in 2030 , will I be subject to this
  • Thank you for your comment. Comments are moderated before being published.
    Burstar1 · 9 days ago
    I get esa and pip how will i know if my area is selected and what do i need to do to prepare as i can hardly cope now
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    MrFibro · 9 days ago
    Looks like I'll have gotten away with this, as next year i'll be retired.  And I suppose i will be on state pension, and my PIP.  Would I also get pension credit too ?as I wont get legacy benefits with a state pension so basically i will be worse off than if i'd still been on irESA ?
    • Thank you for your comment. Comments are moderated before being published.
      DWP EVIL · 2 days ago
      @MrFibro I bet Tories next step forced State Pension, Pension Credit to UC one day
    • Thank you for your comment. Comments are moderated before being published.
      Fibrogal · 9 days ago
      @MrFibro If you don’t have any other pension income you should be entitled to PC. If you currently get HB and CT check with them if your claim will continue or if you need to do CofC different councils deal with it differently don’t wait till you hit SP age. 
    • Thank you for your comment. Comments are moderated before being published.
      Sky · 9 days ago
      @MrFibro Yes you will get pension credit with being on pip
  • Thank you for your comment. Comments are moderated before being published.
    Silverstar · 9 days ago
    Hi, I recieve contribution based ESA also with income related ESA so I’m wondering how this will affect me and if I will be migrated in 2024/25 or will they leave me alone for a while?
    • Thank you for your comment. Comments are moderated before being published.
      lesley · 7 days ago
      @chloe I agree chloe.  Some confirmation would be helpful.
    • Thank you for your comment. Comments are moderated before being published.
      chloe · 9 days ago
      @Silverstar This is the same for me, (plus housing benefit, so irESA +cESA + HB).. From the above it sounds like 2028-9 but not 100% sure... confirmation would be great. 
  • Thank you for your comment. Comments are moderated before being published.
    lesley · 9 days ago
    Thank you.
    I was a bit worried then when I read that. I am 76 and on pension credit and housing benefit.  According to Age Uk the Housing Credit for pensioners is not happening until 2028 at the earliest.
    'Pension Credit may include a new housing credit to help towards rent in the future, but this may not happen until 2028 at the earliest'.
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